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Operating Agent Task 15
Mr Michiel Ritzen
BIHTS, Zuid University - Heerlen
+31 (0)6 24 46 08 17
Enabling Frawework for the Acceleration of BIPV
Integration of PV in the Built Environment (BIPV) has the potential to become a major player in the PV market. It generates necessary energy close to the consumer while at the same time being part of the built environment and creating an aesthetic valued solution. Although exact numbers are not consistent, approximately between 1% and 3% of all PV installed is Building Integrated (BIPV), resulting in a niche market for BIPV products. There are more than 100 prototypes of market-ready BIPV products worldwide. However, only a small amount seems to be able to cross the valley of death between product and prototype development and successful large-scale market penetration.
The objective of Task 15 is to create an enabling framework to accelerate the penetration of BIPV products in the global market of renewables, resulting in an equal playing field for BIPV products, BAPV products and regular building envelope components, respecting mandatory issues, aesthetic issues, reliability and financial issues.
As BIPV is related both to electric technology and construction technology, the approach followed in this Task is based on a value added approach in which BIPV is not only related to PV (covering energy, environmental, and PR aspects) but as well to the building as a whole and to the building industry (covering aesthetics, building energy performance, and multi-functionality of the building envelope). The scope of this Task covers both new and existing buildings, different PV technologies, different applications, as well as scale difference from 1-family dwellings to large-scale BIPV application in offices and utility buildings. The Task focuses on 6 separate developments, reflecting the different parts in BIPV development and application:
Subtask A: BIPV project database
The aim of the database is to help future clients and construction professionals to develop successful BIPV projects and to run the whole process by developing an interactive database. It will help to make their process much easier as the experience of earlier projects can be used. Besides the direct input from participants, existing databases will be used to identify suitable projects and showcases. The database will consist of both ‘regular’ PV products in a BIPV application and specific developed BIPV products.
Subtask B: Transition towards sound BIPV business models
This subtask aims at the identification, benchmarking and development of the unique selling points and business models of BIPV products in different regions/countries, to assist decision makers in the development of successful BIPV projects. Policy incentives and regulations affect opportunities for business model designs and market up scaling, will be considered as well. Starting from an analysis of the status quo, new business models will be designed and tested in the field. Two kinds of business models will be developed: 1. The one that is part of a new product, service, innovation i.e. it is an integral part of the whole development process from the beginning. 2. The one that takes into account new opportunities created by e.g. political incentives, regulations etc. and thus can open up new markets for already existing products and solutions.
Subtask C: International framework of BIPV specifications
This subtask relates to the implementing issues of BIPV with regard to requirements, specifications and regulations. The subtask aims at bridging international differences in implementing issues, creating a worldwide equal playing field for BIPV development and application.
Scope: BIPV needs & functions analysis, BIPV requirements, specifications and regulations overview, Multifunctional BIPV evaluation, Suggest topics for exchange between different standardization activities on international level.
Subtask D: Environmental benefits of BIPV
In this subtask the environmental benefits of BIPV are investigated, resulting in a methodology for the environmental assessment of BIPV products, comparable with the environmental assessment of regular building envelope components, bridging the gap between PV LCA and building material assessment.
Subtask E: Demonstration
In this subtask a comparison of the demonstration of different technologies and different applications worldwide will contribute to the realization of BIPV demonstration projects in Real Life test facilities, bridging the gap between prototyping and large-scale application.
Subtask F: Dissemination
This subtask aims at optimally disseminating the findings of the preceding subtasks to the different target audiences (building sector, clients, BIPV product developers, education, etc) by using the most adequate tools for communication. These tools consist of a book, an interactive web guide, YouTube movies, MOOCS (Massive Open Online Courses), etc.