First Float Column
The Archive section contains a library of publications produced by the IEA Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (PVPS) since its inception in 1995. These documents are organized by type, activity, year, country and task. For a hint to find specific documents please read the "How to Find Documents in the Archive" link.
|Title:||PV system installation and grid-interconnection guidelines in selected IEA countries|
|Description:||The purpose of this report is to give an overview of the national standards and guidelines governing the erection, installation and operation of small grid-connected PV systems in various IEA member countries. Detailed information is given about the situation in Australia, Austria, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the USA. For almost all countries a special standard for small grid-connected PV systems is quoted in this Report, together with the information where this standard can be obtained. The following aspects have been investigated: Regulations on the DC side: Modules Quality of cabling String diodes, string fuses, DC junction box DC disconnecting switch Regulations for Inverter: Power quality (current harmonics, DC current injection, power factor) EMC requirements (Emission and Immunity) Required waiting times for connection to the grid Operating windows for voltage and frequency Required anti-islanding measures or tests Regulations for the AC Installation: Necessity of an externally accessible disconnect switch Connection point to the public AC grid System design regulations Maximum allowable DC voltage Requirements concerning earthing, earth fault protection Protection against electric shock Necessity of warning signs Due to the technical progress special chapters have been added dealing with transformerless inverters and AC modules. Final chapters about the general authorization process and the legal situation of PV systems conclude the Report.|
|Creator / Publisher:||Christoph Panhuber / IEA PVPS|